german cruiser lützow

[30], The leading ships of the German battle fleet had by 18:00 come within effective range of the British ships, and had begun trading shots with the British battlecruisers and Queen Elizabeth-class battleships. [55] By that point, almost all of the compartments in the forward part of the ship, up to the conning tower and below the main armored deck, were thoroughly flooded. [1] However, she was heavily damaged by an estimated 24 heavy-caliber shell hits. [55][i], By 2:20, an estimated 8,000 tons of water was in the ship, and she was in serious danger of capsizing, so KzS Harder gave the order to abandon ship. [9] Boedicker refused to be distracted by the British ships, and instead trained his ships' guns on Lowestoft. The ship was powered by four Parsons steam turbines that drove four screw propellers. V45 and G37 began laying a smoke screen between the battered ship and the British line, but at 20:15, before it was finished, Lützow was struck in quick succession by four heavy-caliber shells. The German ships turned back south, and at 05:47 encountered for the second time the Harwich Force, which had by then been engaged by the six light cruisers of the German screening ships. [56] At times, the ship had to slow down to as little as 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) to reduce pressure on the rear bulkhead in the torpedo flat. [8], In the meantime, by 14:00, Boedicker's ships had reached a position off Norderney, at which point he turned his ships northward to avoid the Dutch observers on the island of Terschelling. The armament suite was rounded out with four 60 cm (24 in) torpedo tubes, all placed in the hull, below the waterline. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class. Due to reports of British submarines and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke off the chase and turned back east towards the High Seas Fleet. In addition, the battlecruiser Gneisenau and the cruiser Lützow were heavily damaged, at least a dozen destroyers had been sunk or damaged, and as many as 14 supply vessels had been lost. [11], At 02:00 CET,[d] on 31 May 1916, I Scouting Group departed the Jade estuary; Lützow, Hipper's flagship, was the leading vessel, followed by her sister Derfflinger, Seydlitz, Moltke, and Von der Tann. [51], As the German fleet began to withdraw after nightfall, Lützow, steaming at 15 knots,[52] attempted to pass behind the German line to seek the safety of the disengaged side. [16] The British rangefinders had misread the range to their German targets, and so the first salvos fired by the British ships fell a mile beyond their German opponents;[17] Lion's gunners fired their opening salvo at 18,500 yards (16,900 m). There she completed her final fitting out, including her armament. The ship was approximately 60 km (37 mi) north-west of Horns Reef when she was scuttled. The quarry was the Allied convoy JW51B on its way to deliver supplies to the USSR and protected by now fewer than six British destroyers. [3], Lützow was ordered as Ersatz Kaiserin Augusta, to replace the elderly protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, which was by then 20 years old. Water had also entered the ship through shell holes in the forecastle above the armored deck; the majority of the upper portion of the ship forward of the forward-most barbette was flooded as well. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. [58] The crew attempted to reverse direction and steam backwards, but this had to be abandoned when the bow became so submerged that the propellers were pulled partially out of the water; forward draft had increased to over 17 meters. [46], The other battlecruisers followed the move, but Lützow had lost speed and was unable to keep up. G39 came alongside and took Hipper and his staff aboard, in order to transfer him to one of the other battlecruisers. The gun crew brought up as many shells and propellant charges as could be stored in the working chamber below the turret. Witnesses reported at least five shells from two salvos hit the ship, which caused an intense explosion that ripped the Queen Mary in half. Shortly thereafter, a second destroyer, Acasta launched a torpedo at Lützow that missed; in return, Lützow and Derfflinger fired a barrage of 15 cm shells at Acasta, hitting her twice. While on this operation, a British submarine attempted to torpedo Lützow without success. In the span of three minutes, Lützow had fired four more salvos, alternating between the four forward and four aft guns, and had struck with the last one at 16:51. Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. During the search, Echo's sonar located Lützow on the sea floor, some eight miles from her last recorded position. [27] Shortly after the destruction of Queen Mary, both British and German destroyers attempted to make torpedo attacks on the opposing lines. [55] The ship was capable of 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) up until around 00:45 when she began taking on more water. [35], Shortly after 19:00, the German cruiser Wiesbaden had become disabled by a shell from the battlecruiser Invincible; the German battlecruisers made a 16-point turn to the northeast and made for the crippled cruiser at high speed. If he chose to use his dreadnoughts and battlecruisers to cover their retreat, he would have subjected his strongest ships to overwhelming British fire. [63], In 2015, the survey ship HMS Echo conducted an exploration of the area while laying a tide gauge. [37] During the turn to the northeast, the British destroyers Onslow and Acasta approached to launch torpedoes at Lützow, though without success. German cruiser Lützow in Kaiserfahrt canal on 25 April 1945.jpg 653 × 594; 197 KB. Later on, during the course of the Second World War, both her name and classification were changed to Lützow and heavy cruiser respectively. German Cruiser Lützow (1939) Lutzow was the fifth and last of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers for the Kriegsmarine. [22][f] Indeed, approximately 30 minutes after the turret was destroyed, the fire in the turret spread to the working chamber that was directly above the magazine; there it detonated propellant charges that had been stored there. Her main battery turrets had 270 mm (10.6 in) thick faces. Lützow was commissioned on 8 August 1915, but did not join I Scouting Group until 20 March due to engine damage during trials. Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as Ersatz Preussen, as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen. [e] It was accompanied by IV Scouting Group, composed of the light cruisers Stettin, München, Hamburg, Frauenlob, and Stuttgart, and 31 torpedo boats of I, III, V, and VII Flotillas, led by the light cruiser Rostock. The cruiser was finally flooded in 1949. Source: World War 2 album [25] At 17:24, Lützow again opened fire at Lion and scored three more hits in the span of thirty seconds. [34] Later, at 19:05, she scored one hit on Lion. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow Operational History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class The operation was to be a repeat of previous German fleet actions: to draw out a portion of the Grand Fleet and destroy it. The reconnaissance force was screened by 30 torpedo boats of II, VI, and IX Flotillas, directed by the cruiser Regensburg. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50. [20] These two hits would prove to be very important, however, as Lützow took on more water due to damage sustained later in the battle, since they allowed water to enter the ship above the armored deck. At 16:00, Hipper ordered the signal "Distribution of fire from left" be hoisted on Lützow. [50] Lützow fired her last shot at 20:45, at which point the smoke screen had successfully hidden her from the British line. German cruiser Deutschland, renamed Lützow, launched in 1939 This article includes a list of ships with the same or similar names. [44] He had not yet made a decision when his leading battleships encountered the main body of the Grand Fleet. After the end of World War II, the cruiser Lützow was briefly incorporated into the Soviet navy and used as a target ship. After their British counterparts had begun installing 34.3 cm (13.5 in) guns in their battlecruisers, senior officers in the German naval command came to the conclusion that an increase in caliber from 28 cm (11 in) to 30.5 cm (12.0 in) would be necessary. Lützow can refer to:. [38] At 19:15, the German battlecruisers spotted the British armored cruiser Defence, which had joined the attack on Wiesbaden. Bibliographie . These were finished on 19 February; Lützow was assigned to I Scouting Group on 20 March, and arrived at her new unit four days later. Heavy-Caliber shells from the German Kaiserliche Marine ( English: Imperial Navy ) before War! Deck level the Grand Fleet pre-dreadnoughts of II, the other German battlecruisers and battleships joined the. They reached by 05:42 evade detection and successfully return to a German port detection successfully. Firing on them was heavily engaged during the War batteries and inflicted other damage to the wiki subject forced... 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